Wool has many qualities being a natural fibre. It is durable, hypoallergenic and has high flame resistance. The main benefits of using wool in textile production are it's adaptability to modern production techniques, including dye absorption. Wool is favoured in many uses because of it's high insulating properties. End of life recycling is easily achieved, making it more environmentally friendly when compared to man made fabrics.
Proper care for wool begins with following the label directions. Brushing wool will remove surface soil and stains before they are ground in and a slightly damp cloth will remove deeper stain.
Some stains may require special attention. Here's a list of some of them:
Blood: Blot with common starch paste and rinse from back with soapy water
Coffee/Tea: Sponge with glycerin or warm water
Glue: Sponge with alcohol
Iodine: Treat with cool water followed by alcohol
Rust: Sponge with weak solution of oxalic acid until stain disappears. Then sponge carefully with household ammonia and rinse with cold water
Lipstick: Gently rub white bread over area
Though most wool fabrics require dry cleaning, some can be hand- and even machine-washed. In the latter cases, use only mild detergents and avoid hanging up a woolen garment to dry when wet. Instead, spread out to dry away from direct sunlight. The fabric should be dried flat at room temperature, not exposed directly to heat.
When pressing wool fabrics, always use steam and set the iron temperature to the wool setting. Do not press wool fabrics totally dry and whenever possible, press on the reverse side. If you absolutely must, press on the right side of the fabric using a separating cloth. Instead of sliding the iron back and forth, lower and lift it.
As with most fabrics, your wool fabrics will look good for years to come with proper care.